May 112018

Organization: Danish Red Cross
Country: Mali
Closing date: 23 May 2018


In order to respond to the DFID Regional Migration Program “Safety Support and Solutions (SSS) – Route-Based Migration Response”, the Danish Red Cross (DRC) has submitted a proposal on 24th November 2017 to cover three countries in the region: Niger, Mali, and Guinea Conakry.

The regional program is based on two outcomes:

  1. Migrants and refugees in transit, particularly the most vulnerable, are protected from harm, are able to meet their basic needs and are informed about the risks of irregular migration

  2. More refugees are able to access long-term protection and durable solutions (assisted voluntary return and reintegration, access to resettlement programmes or asylum in first safe country)

The activities planned in Mali will focus on outcome 1, and target Bamako and Gao.

Mali represents one of the main countries of departure and transit of migrants along the Central Mediterranean Route (CMR) and has substantial and complex mixed migration flows. There are specific challenges linked to the response to these migration flows in Mali due to the security situation in the country which remains unstable with threats of terrorism, criminality and intercommunity violence in the north and central regions, which impacts the protection of vulnerable persons and limits humanitarian access.

Bamako is a major transit point for migrants travelling along the CMR, as is the Gao region, and in particular Gao town, is an important transit point for migrants along the CMR due to its access to routes leading to the Mediterranean. IOM Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) quantify and qualify migration flows, trends, and routes, at entry, transit or exit points. The report for the Gao FMPs in January 2018 indicates over 2,000 outgoing migrants hoping to reach Algeria, Italy, Spain, Morocco and France as a final destination, with nationals from Guinea Conakry, Mali, Côte d’Ivoire, Senegal and Gambia as main nationalities represented. Migrants were mainly male (90% versus 4% female), and it would appear unaccompanied minors could be on the rise (6%)[1]. Recent increase of deportation from neighbouring countries, of West African migrants to Mali is an additional issue, with returning migrants often suffering from increased vulnerabilities and dwindling opportunities.

Internal displacement due to conflict further intensifies the vulnerability and complexity of response to vulnerable migrants. In terms of internally displaced persons, although there was a drop in the number of displaced persons in Mali at the end of 2017 – from 40,743 individuals in October to just over 38,100 in December­ – latest figures show an increase in the registration of displaced persons in the regions of Mopti, Menaka, Timbuktu and Gao, with close to 8,000 persons being registered in Gao in January 2018 due to the incidents affecting the region in 2017 and January 2018[2].

Initial evaluation indicated the lack of basic services for migrants in terms of accommodation, food, NFIs and healthcare, and protection needs exist with women being a particularly vulnerable group, facing SGBV and sexual exploitation, especially in Gao. Migrants in transit also face protection issues as bribes are often demanded of them at checkpoints, and detention occurs along the route in main transit points such as Sikasso, Mopti and Gao. They are also at risk of kidnapping by non-state, armed groups who demand ransoms from families; increased conflict and insecurity in Northern and Central Mali has particularly impacted their security and protection.

An overall multi-level assessment of the Mali context and migratory trends will also be undertaken in coordination with other DFID partners in Mali (Danish Refugee Council, International Rescue Committee, IOM, UNICEF).




In this context, an in-depth multi-level assessment of conflict dynamics and access issues, as well as an assessment of the beneficiaries’ needs across all sectors is required to provide adequate humanitarian targeted response to the Danish Red Cross’ involvement in DFID’s Route-based migration response – Safety, Support and Solutions (SSS).

The assessment will provide recommendations for targeted humanitarian programming, focusing specifically on needs and access issues to vulnerable migrants, to ensure impact in Bamako and Gao under SSS.

Expected results:

An assessment report in English taking into account the specific objectives, and including an executive summary of the report.

A PowerPoint presentation that will be presented to the National Society (NS) at the end of the assessment mission, in French.

Scope of Work:

The assessment specific objectives are to provide:

  • analysis of the general national context and, more specifically, analysis of the migration context and risks associated with migration within the local context in the targeted areas;

  • analysis of stakeholders involved in conflict-response and migration-response, and mapping of potential partners for cooperation and referrals;

  • identification of programme and access risks (for Malian Red Cross and DRC staff and operations, beneficiaries), and conflict-sensitive solutions including on access to information;

  • analysis of the specific needs of migrants and host communities in high concentration areas of migrants in Bamako and Gao, as well as possible barriers/challenges to responding to these needs, with a focus on the most vulnerable (women, unaccompanied minors, etc);

  • analysis of the current status of access to basic services by migrants in the targeted areas;

  • Red Cross National Society capacity at the national level and in the areas of intervention planned under the project;

  • risk analysis (DRC model);

  • description of the specific needs and vulnerabilities of migrants and host communities on the migration trail, by area of ​​intervention:

    • protection (human rights, trafficking, Restoring Family Links (RFL), minors, sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV), including prostitution, abuse, ill-treatment, arrests, detention, etc.);

    • psychosocial support, and existing services in that area;

    • basic needs of migrants in terms of NFI and food, inside and outside of transit centres;

    • advocacy and rights to access basic services for migrants;

    • health (HIV / AIDS, maternal and child health, chronic diseases, mental health, disability, etc.);

    • livelihood needs and survival mechanisms of migrants in transit;

  • stakeholder analysis including mapping of stakeholders and possible partners with whom to organise safe and dignified referrals;

  • assessment of Mali Red Cross national society (NS) capacities at the national level and at the level of the branches involved.


The assessment will be carried out by the consultant under the direction of the DRC team in Mali with the assistance of the National Society staff and the coordination of the DRC in Dakar. On the basis of questionnaires, focus group discussions, meetings with different stakeholders, the consultant will undertake the assessment in close collaboration with the staff and volunteers of the National Society.

The consultant will:

  • Undertake desk research based on existing recent studies, academic reports and targeted analysis on migration and conflict issues in Bamako and Gao, in close coordination with DRC DFID partners in Mali and in link with their on-going or finalised recent assessments;

  • Design, plan and conduct data collection in the field, in close link with the NS and MRC volunteers. The data collected will serve to provide more in-depth analysis and up to date perceptions on information collected through the desk research;

  • Present the findings through an in-depth high-quality report in English and a dissemination workshop in French to the NS and DRC in Mali.

The report and presentation will be submitted beforehand to Dakar DRC for final validation.

The consultant will be supported by a national consultant (Mali nationality). Targeted profile proposals by the consultant for the national consultant are welcomed and will be taken into account by DRC.

Implication of Mali Red Cross National Society:

During the field analysis, the consultant will work closely with the Malian Red Cross and its volunteers and in close collaboration with DRC delegates. Special attention will be given to ensuring balanced gender-sensitive representation of volunteers, in particular when meeting with vulnerable migrants.

DRC’s standards of ethical conduct must be respected throughout the assessment. The aim and scope of the assessment will be clearly communicated by the consultant/his team to stakeholders and beneficiaries before any further exchange. Participants must give informed consent before being interviewed and confidentiality of information provided must be upheld.

Field visits will take place in:

Gao and Bamako, Mali.

Duration of assignment:

The assessment process will take up to 60 days. This will include up to 50 field days – 40 days in Bamako, 10 days in Gao. The report will be due at the end of the 60 days.

Start date: June 2018

The work plan and methodology will be agreed on with DRC Dakar.

Profile and required qualifications:

  • Advanced university degree in migration studies with experience in conflict assessments;

  • At least 5 years’ experience of research work related to migration in the Sahel and West Africa region;

  • Knowledge of conflict issues in Mali and the Sahel is desirable

  • Knowledge of the Red Cross movement is highly desirable;

  • Excellent research, report writing and analytical skills;

  • Proven capacity to submit high-quality reports on migration needs and conflict-sensitive approaches to programming (must submit two previous reports);

  • Capacity to work with volunteers and provide clear guidance to field research teams;

  • Experience working in remote and conflict-affected areas;

  • Proven capacity to deliver against tight deadlines;

  • Excellent computer skills – Word, Excel, internet.

  • Fluency in English and French

Basic documents to be made available to the consultant:

Project document “Safety Support and Solutions (SSS) – Route-Based Migration Response”

NS Strategic Plan

DRC International Strategy 2015-2020

IFRC Global Strategy on Migration 2018 – 2022

How to apply:

Application Deadline: 23rd May 2018

Application to be submitted by email to indicating in the subject line: Application for Mali needs assessment.

Application must include the following:

  • Max three page narrative in English explaining the approach, proposed timeframe and work plan (bids over three pages will be automatically excluded).
  • Proposed assessment budget including an estimation of the expected working days over the entire period
  • Cover letter clearly summarizing experience as it pertains to this assignment and three professional references.
  • CV and evidence of past assessments conducted
  • At least one example of an assessment report most similar to that described in this TOR.
  • Desirable: CV of national consultant who would be working with the selected consultant.

Note: Travel to and from home country (if living outside of Mali); accommodation while in Mali; per diem in Mali will be covered directly by the Danish Red Cross according to internal rules and procedures.

Other costs related to the scope of work such as vehicle rental, equipment, phone calls, insurance etc., should be included in the budget, and may be discussed.

The successful candidate will receive his/her payment following clearance of pre-agreed milestones.

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